It is no surprise that in order to sustain a healthy lifestyle a balanced diet should be consumed. The diet you consume daily should have all the required vitamins, minerals and other essential nutrients. However, sometimes your entire diet cannot fulfill the demand of your body; this is where dietary supplements come in. There are vast majority of people who are unaware of the proper suitable supplements, mainly because of their obnoxious terminologies. It is of great importance that when buying the supplements you should know the effect of it. In this article all the essential terms will be discussed that can help you understand the terms.


Vitamins are present in our food, but mostly they are destroyed due to over cooking and processing. These are vital substances that our body needs for performing biochemical processes. Its deficiencies can lead to severe illness. The categories of vitamins are denoted by letters (A, B1-B12, C, D, E and K).There are two type of vitamins; Water soluble (B-complex and Vitamin C) that dissolve in the body quickly and excessive vitamins pass through urine. Fat soluble (vitamin A, D, E, and K) are solid vitamins and have risk of depositing in the body which can be toxic.


Minerals are proper elements needed for proper function of the body. These are also present in the food which is why they are mostly required in minute quantity. They can be consumed in bulk amount or single. Bulk minerals contain potassium, sodium, and calcium and trace minerals comprise, zinc, iodine, chromium, sodium copper, selenium and few others. Dietary supplements can contain single or several minerals.

Amino acids

Amino acids are basically building blocks of proteins; our body is made up of large portion of proteins. Amino supplements can significantly help in increasing the metabolism in the body.


These supplements are taken in for nutritional purposes and medical purposes. These are extracted from special types of plants. Sometimes they are also used to cure a particular condition like cold or infection. Commonly consumes herbs in our diet are flax, St. John's wort, chamomile and garlic.


Nutraceuticals supplements contain the isolated nutrients from our daily diet. They are extracted from the daily food we eat. Some of the nutraceuticals include psyllium from seed husks, sulforaphane from broccoli and flavonoids from citrus fruits.

Dietary Fiber

Dietary fiber contains soluble and insoluble indigestible parts of plants. Supplements with dietary fiber can be very beneficial for the digestive system. It also lowers the cholesterol level and reduces the chances of colon cancer.

Probiotics and Prebiotics

Probiotics and prebiotics ensure the healthy digestive system and reduce the risk of gastrointestinal diseases. Probiotics are live bacteria found in various foods like yogurt or in the form of dietary supplements. These are live bacteria that can be ingested in to the body. Some species of probiotics are lactobcillius and bifidobacterium. Prebiotics are indigestible particles that settle in the digestive system and promote healthy bacteria to grow. It helps in developing useful bacteria for our body.


Hormones are special chemicals that are released into our body to stimulate specific reaction or response to a certain condition. Dietary supplements can contain natural or synthetic hormones that trigger the specific reaction in the body. Some of the common hormonal supplements are pregnenolone, DHEA, and melatonin.


Antioxidant supplement contains various substances including nutraceuticals and other vitamins that stabilize the oxidation of free radicals. These free radicals can obstruct the working of cells thus, causing illness.

Some Tips from Writer

The content on this site is not destined to alternative for the recommendation of druggist or medical practitioner. One should thoroughly read the information inside or outside the products packaging. In a case where you have a medical issue with these supplements it will be better to consult with your family physician instantly. The application of dietary supplements may not appraise by drug authority and is not engaged to identify, interpret or anticipate any health and condition.

Dietary Supplements Terminology